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The first telephone ladies were educated, patient and polite. They were young, between 18 and 25 years and not married, so that the extra thought and care did not lead to errors on the job. Even the physical characteristics of telephone operators had to be strictly regulated: they were required to be 165 cm tall and the length of the body in a sitting position (with her hands outstretched) should be at least 128 cm.
FIRST CITY TELEPHONE EXCHANGES
After 1878, when the Russian Army adopted this new form of communication, the Telegraph Department also became interested in it for their communication needs. In November 1879 the chief of the St. Petersburg Telegraph division, F.Y. Gervart, was mandated to conduct experiments on 'using a phone for telegraphing on our telegraph lines and stations.'
THE WORD WAS FIRST
The term telephone was far ahead of the emergence of practical telephony. In 1795 X. Wolke, the landlord of one of St. Petersburg's guesthouses, demonstrated to Catherine his 'telephone art' in Gatchina: a demonstration of acoustic communication through pipes between Petersburg and Kronstadt.
FIRST MEANS OF COMMUNICATION
Ever since ancient times people have sought to transmit information over long distances. To do this, they used any means available: bells, trumpets, horns, drums, etc. Any communication mechanism was called an acoustic telegraph. And methods such as fires, colored flags, smoke signals, etc., were called optical telegraphs. For example, The lighting of bonfires announced the fall of Troy in Ancient Greece.
CONNECTION OF TWO CAPITALS
The first telephone Company appeared in Moscow and St. Petersburg almost simultaneously, in July 1882. Only in Moscow, however, on July 1, 1882 did the commercial exploitation of the local telephone network take place. In St. Petersburg it remained in test mode until the end of October of the same year. In St. Petersburg on October 29, 1882 (the first day of commercial service) there were 259 telephone subscribers. While in Moscow, on the same day (for the first four months of full-scale operation) there were 200 users. In addition, the first R...