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VLADIMIR BORISOVICH JACOBI (? – 30.8.1884)
The first experiments on long distance telephone connections were conducted in Russia by the military. In the army, the testing of telephone devices that appeared in the country in late 1877, was entrusted to Colonel V.B. Jacobi.
PAVEL MIKHAILOVICH GOLUBITSKY (1845-1911)
The inventor P.M. Golubitsky is considered to be the founder of Russian telephony.

P.M. Golubitsky was born on 16 (28) March 1845 in Korchevsky County, Tver province.

In 1870 he graduated from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University. Since 1876, when the world first learned of American Alexander Graham Bell's telephone, Golubitskiy devoted himself entirely to work in the field of telephony.
FEDOR BALYUKEVICH (1842 - 1895) (1842 - 1895)

An important contribution of F.I. Balyukevich to the history of telephony was the invention in 1892 of a telephone-railway signaling system for transmission over telegraph wire.

S.M. BERDICHEVSKY-APOSTOLOV AND M.F. FREUDENBERG
In 1893, Russian inventors S.M. Berdichevsky-Apostolov and M.F. Freudenberg developed an automatic telephone exchange (often called a PaBX or 'telephone exchange') with 250 numbers. A demonstration of an early PaBX model took place ​​in the workshop of Odessa University but was not met with overwhelming support in Russia. As a result, in 1895, the inventors patented a telephone exchange in the UK. This is where joint efforts with Berdichevsky-Apostolov ended: Berdichevsky-Apostolov returned to Odessa and Freudenberg remained in ...
ALEXANDER ALEXANDROVICH STOLPOVSKIY
Railway Electrical Engineer A.A. Stolpovsky became interested in telephony in 1882. He was an ardent supporter of the early introduction of telephony on rail transport. In 1884 he submitted a petition to the Department of Trade and Manufacture seeking privilege (patents were called privileges in pre-1917 Russia) to produce a phone with a ring-shaped pole, four magnets and a carbon microphone. The telephone invented by Stolpovskiy could transmit sound far enough, in excess of 700 miles. This was confirmed in an experiment between Moscow ...
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