The role of military communications, which is an important part of the system of command, control and weaponry, its material basis, is difficult to overestimate. Efficient military leadership is directly dependent on its reliability and performance.
In its historical development, the military relationship with the telephone underwent much change. At first it was just the audio and visual means for signaling and command on the battlefield (fires, torches, drums, etc.). Today multi-channel automated systems can provide a communications link at any range to moving objects on the ground, on water, under water or in the air.
The territorial scope of hostilities demanded an improvement in military communications in the 20th Century. Radio, wireless and telephone technologies began to develop. They took a leading role in the management of troops. The military telegraph was even used during the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-78 in a first-aid role. The benefits were obvious. In 1878, Colonel V.B. Jacobi successfully conducted tests on a telegraph cable to establish voice communications over long distances. Then the Russian Army adopted this telephone equipment. Three years later, in 1881, V.B. Jacobi developed the miniature telephone telekal specifically for military field use.
With the outbreak of World War II the companies that produced civilian phones (L.M. Ericsson, Siemens, etc.) also starting producing military equipment. After the revolution, domestic factories continued to produce military products.
During the Great Patriotic War, the main military field telephones were devices like the TAI MB-43 system, which arrived in the USSR from the U.S. Lend-Lease IAA-44 phones in metal casings.
After WWII the Perm Telephone Plant (now called the Telta plant) developed one of the most advanced handsets (the TA-57) which was employed in the armies of many countries for several years.
Modern military communication includes multiple communication nodes for various purposes: thousands of kilometers of radio, microwave, tropospheric, wire and other types of communication. Armies use radios with satellite connection, telephone apparatus like the TASH1 Explosion-15, as well as high-frequency communications systems (KVSS-4). A special group of ship telephones manufactured in waterproof robust metal housings with anti-noise design tubes ar also invaluable.