Antonio Meucci is a central figure in the history of the telephone. Today the entire progressive world pays tribute to this genius of a man. On June 11, 2002 the U.S. Congress passed a resolution that recognized the true inventor of the telephone as not Alexander Graham Bell, but a talented Italian scientist called Antonio Meucci. Though too late, truth triumphed.
Antonio Meucci was born in Florence on April 13, 1808. From early childhood he was passionately interested in the secret forces of electricity. In the exploration of these mysteries he devoted all his spare time. .
In 1837, in search of a better life, Meucci and his wife Esther travelled to the New World. But they stopped in Cuba. He worked for some time in Havana as a leading stage mechanic in the local theater, continuing at the same time to solve scientific puzzles.
Creating a small generator, Meucci unexpectedly found that the current, among other things, had a healing effect on the human body. After that he began to practice medicine successfully.
In 1849, during one of his procedures, Meucci attached wires to the lips and mouth of a patient. He took a seat at the generator in another room. Suddenly he distinctly heard the cry of the patient. Suddenly Meucci realised he had made an important discovery: an electric current is capable of transferring the sound at a distance, the sound vibrations being converted into electrical signals and back again. .
In 1850, after the death of his wife, the inventor moved to New York, where he began to work on a device, which he later called the Telektrofon (more precisely, in Italian, the 'Telettrofono'). This device consisted of a transmitter (a drawer with a small tube, with a large opening at the end like an ear cone); a receiver (a wooden base with an inductor and a resonator attached), a power supply and cables. The resonator in the transmitter (microphone) picked up sound vibrations and the electromotive force was induced in the internal coil (inside the drawer). Current through the wires fed into the receiver coil and forced the second resonator to vibrate on its own.
Antonio Meucci devoted ten years of his life to this invention. In 1860, using his last money, he published a note in an Italian newspaper, stating that after years of painstaking work he had successfully invented sound running through wires - i.e. the telektrofon.
Meucci offered his invention to be development by a major U.S. Company (Western Union). He was promised cooperation. But for a long time the Company showed no interest in Meucci's invention. In 1871, the scientist applied for a patent for his invention and began to wait patiently. In 1874, he was informed that all the technical documentation had been mislaid. Then, in 1876, Antonio Meucci learned from American newspapers about the great invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell.
Meucci began court proceedings against Western Union. The court battle naturally required huge funds, however, which the plaintiff simply did not have. The litigation lasted 11 years. In 1887 he managed to get his patent back from the archives. Moreover, the court in New York was on the side of Meucci, but this did not help: the validity of the patent application had already expired.
Two years later, the Italian genius, who could rightly stand shoulder to shoulder in history alongside the names of his illustrious countrymen like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Galileo, died after failing to climb out of poverty. During his life Meucci's copyright that revolutionized the world of communications was not recognized.